Recent studies have found a link between male fertility problems and obesity. In fact, being overweight or obese is one of the central causes of male infertility and more specifically, of sperm health problems. But how exactly does a man’s weight affect his fertility and what types of male fertility problems does being obese cause?
A study found that men with a higher body mass index (BMI) had a significantly higher risk of being infertile compared with men considered to be normal weight. In fact, the study found that an increase of just 20 lbs. could increase the chance of male infertility by approximately 10%.
BMI is a tool that measures weight proportionate to height and helps to calculate an individual’s body fat. Individuals with a lot of muscle sometimes have higher BMIs due to the fact that muscle tissue weighs more than fat tissue.
A BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is considered to be normal for adults while a BMI of more than 25 is considered to be overweight. Obesity is defined as having a body mass index of more than 30 while morbid obesity is characterized by a BMI of 40 or higher.
A separate study found that a link between obesity and sperm health. The study compared male BMI to DNA fragmentation in sperm. As BMI, so too did the fragmentation of sperm DNA in the participants. Deteriorated sperm quality increased significantly as BMI passed 25 and was acute in participants whose BMI was over 30. Fragmented sperm DNA is linked to reduced fertility as well as an increased risk of miscarriage.
In addition, obesity can have a number of other effects on male fertility:
* low sperm count and concentration
* hormonal imbalance
* increased scrotal temperature
* decreased libido
As such, it is important to maintain good overall health in order to reduce the risk of male fertility problems and in order to maintain good reproductive health. Following a healthy diet and exercising regularly are important steps in reducing weight can help to achieve a healthy weight as well as improve sperm health. Talk to your doctor about starting a healthy exercise regimen and for advice on healthy eating in order to make important lifestyle changes that can help to increase your fertility.
Sperm health is vital to increasing a couple’s chances of getting pregnant. While certain genetic conditions might affect a man’s sperm health, there are a variety of factors, ranging from environmental to lifestyle, that also influence male fertility. As such, men can follow simple sperm health tips in order to increase fertility so as to improve their partner’s chances of getting pregnant.
Sperm Health Tips that Can Help Improve Male Fertility
The following tips can help to alleviate male fertility problems so as to improve a couple’s chances of getting pregnant:
* don’t smoke. Smoking is linked to sperm health problems. While smoking has not been linked to a lowered sperm count, it does cause damage to sperm DNA, which results in an increased risk of birth defects in a man’s children. Because it takes three months for sperm to fully form, it is imperative to quit smoking at least three months prior to trying to get pregnant in order to reduce the risk of birth abnormalities
* . don’t do drugs. Drug use also negatively influences sperm health. For example, marijuana increases the number of abnormal sperm produced, as well as lowers overall sperm count.
* limit your alcohol intake. Reducing your alcohol consumption to no more than two drinks a day is also important to male fertility. In fact, excessive drinking can lead to impotence.
* try herbal solutions. Herbal remedies, such as green tea and gingko, are excellent male infertility solutions. Gingko helps to improve sperm healthy by promoting blood circulation to the capillaries while green tea helps to improve overall health, including reproductive health.
* maintain a healthy weight. Because being either overweight or underweight can influence sperm health, maintaining a healthy weight is crucial in order to increase male fertility. A BMI of less than 20 or of more than 25 can reduce a man’s sperm count by 22%. Your BMI can be calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. Following a healthy diet that is low in saturated and trans fats and that is high in folic acid, zinc, vitamins A, C and E is essential to staying healthy. Exercise can also help to maintain good weight.
* get sun exposure. A healthy amount of sun exposure is linked to increased levels of testosterone, which in turn is connected to healthy sperm production. In addition, sun exposure is linked to lower levels of melatonin, which are known to negatively impact male fertility.
* don’t overdo it. Studies have shown that ejaculating more than twice a day can have a negative effect on male fertility. This is because it takes some time for sperm levels to rise again following ejaculation. Nonetheless, it is important to have intercourse with your partner on a regular basis because sperm that is not ejaculated becomes old and less fertile, thereby reducing the chances of getting pregnant.
* avoid heat. Overheating of the testicles can reduce sperm health. It is important for men to avoid wearing tightly fitting pants and undergarments, as well as to avoid hot baths and hot tubs. Also, placing a laptop on a table or desk as opposed to directly on the body also reduces the risk of sperm health damage.
* reduce stress. Stress is a major contributing factor to sperm health problems. In fact, 15% of men experience decreased libido because of stress, while 5% of men experience impotence because of it. Practicing relaxation methods such as Pilates can help to minimize stress, as does participating in regular exercise.